*Adapted from At Cold War's End: US Intelligenge on the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe, 1989-1991 (1999). 378 p. [PREX 3.2:C 67]
For more detailed chronological data consult the titles provided at the end of this chronology.
Soviet troop withdrawals from Czechoslovakia begin.
Solidarity and Polish Government start roundtable talks.
Polish Government declares USSR, not Nazi Germany, was responsible for 1940 Katyn Forest massacre.
Solidarity legalized, signs agreement on elections in which it can contest 35 percent of seats in Sejm, all in Senat.
Soviet forces begin leaving Hungary.
Hungarian Government lifts "iron curtain" along border with Austria.
Gorbachev tells Warsaw Pact leaders they can choose their own road to socialism.
Gorbachev urges Polish communists to join coalition government with Solidarity.
First non-communist government in Eastern Europe since 1948 elected in Poland.
More than 17,000 East Germans flee to Austria via Czechoslovakia and Poland.
Hungary opens border with Austria, allowing East Germans to flee.
Gorbachev visits East Germany, urges Erich Honecker to adopt reforms.
Hungarian Communist Party becomes a socialist party.
Warsaw Pact members endorse right of self-determination, renounce Brezhnev doctrine.
Berlin Wall opens.
Todor Zhivkov ousted and replaced by Petar (Petur) Mladenov in Bulgaria.
10,000 attend Civic Forum rally in Czechoslovakia.
Czechoslovakia abandons leading role of party.
East German government resigns.
Warsaw Pact condemns 1968 invasion of Czechoslovakia.
Non-communist government elected in Czechoslovakia.
Nicolae Ceausescu, wife executed in Romania.
Vaclav Havel becomes first democratic president of Czechoslovakia.
(Country-specific chronologies are provided)
(Includes a 59-page chronology covering the years from 1918 to 1990 in great detail)
(Its chronology, spanning over 150 pages, is divided into two parts, an integrated chronology and thematic chronologies)
Last updated: November 17, 2010.