U.S. House of Representatives, 1965-1998
Indiana, 9th Congressional District
Lee Herbert Hamilton was born April 20, 1931, in Daytona Beach, Florida, attended the public schools of Evansville, Indiana, excelling in basketball, and graduated from De Pauw University, 1952. He studied at Goethe University, Frankfurt-am-Main, Germany, in 1952 and 1953, and graduated from the Indiana University School of Law in 1956. He went into private practice in Columbus, Indiana, and became active in the Bartholomew County Young Democrats. He was elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-ninth and to the sixteen succeeding Congresses (January 3, 1965-January 3, 1999), combining intensive efforts toward development in his largely rural district with extensive engagement through his committee work in international affairs. Deciding to retire in 1999, he worked with President Miles Brand of Indiana University to establish the Center on Congress, which he directs, and was appointed director of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington, DC. He served as vice chair of the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States (9/11 Commission) from 2002-2004, as co-chair of the Iraq Study Group with James Baker in 2006, and continues to serve as a consultant on national security and international affairs both individually and as a member of various commissions. (For a more extensive biography, click here.)
Hamilton served on the Foreign Affairs Committee for his full congressional tenure, chairing its Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East for over two decades, chairing also the Select Committee on Intelligence (99th Congress), the Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran (100th Congress), the Joint Economic Committee (101st Congress), and the Committee on Foreign Affairs (103rd Congress). His complete committee service record also includes the Post Office and Civil Service Committee and the Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress.
The Collection (270 linear feet):
The Lee H. Hamilton Congressional papers are a selection from the approximately 3500 cartons of records generated during his 34-year tenure in the House of Representatives. The contents of the collection, chosen by his staff, illustrate the multiple roles of a model Congressman, a topic which occupied Hamilton early in his career and to which he returned repeatedly in his writings. The most prominent of those roles are local representative and constituent advocate, represented in the Constituent Services series; national legislator and consensus builder, reflected in the Legislative series; educator, evident in the Public Communications series; committee member, reflected in his impressive record of committee service but particularly in the Committee on Foreign Affairs series; and investigator, again evident in his committee service but with special emphasis in the series on the Iran-Contra investigation of 1987.
A major strength of the collection lies in its portrayal of Hamilton's consistently strong record of service to his constituents both in projects of many kinds throughout the 9th district and his emphasis on personalized responses to constituent correspondence that by 1989 was numbering close to 30,000 letters a year. He developed his positions on legislative issues in part through his substantive responses to those correspondents, which are to be found in the Legislative Mail subseries. The mechanisms through which that level of communication was maintained are evident in the Alphas and Form Letters subseries, the Schedule Files, and the Weekly Reports, all in the Office Administration series. The Schedule Files in the Office Administration series are also a rich resource for his face-to-face contacts with constituents. The content of Hamilton's side of the dialogue is richly represented in his newsletters, Mailings, and Speeches in the Public Communications series as well as in the Extensions of Remarks and Statements subseries of the Legislative series. His monthly Foreign Affairs Newsletter (1981-1998) and weekly Washington Reports (1965-1998) have been digitized and are available through links in the finding aid as noted below in the note on Status of the Collection.
Resources for studying constituent positions are likewise quite plentiful, particularly for the early 1970s, for which there are nearly 34 linear feet of letters on specific legislation as well as local, national, and international issues of concern in the Legislative Mail subseries. Letters on the possible impeachment of Nixon, the energy crisis, and such continuing issues as abortion and drugs are particularly abundant.
The Projects subseries of the Constituent Services series offers particular potential for research because of both its extent and the abundance of records in certain portions of the subseries. The threat of base closures hovered over nearly the full span of Hamilton's career, with the consequent economic displacement and environmental problems. The records for the Jefferson Proving Ground in particular (7.5 linear feet), as well as for the Bakalar Air Force Base, the Indiana Army Ammunition Plant, and the Naval Ordnance Station in Louisville, trace not only Hamilton's efforts but the mobilization of local initiatives to exert pressure on numerous parts of the federal bureaucracy in order to humanize the process and the ultimate disposition of those installations. Broader coverage is available in other portions of the Projects files, supplemented by the files on Indiana Projects and Issues from the 1980s, found in the Research-News Clippings 1979-1986 subseries of the Constituent Services series. The Projects subseries also offers abundant resources for researching the specific environmental issues associated with flood control, watersheds, Ohio River development and pollution, nuclear power, and the pollution of unexploded ordnance at the Jefferson Proving Ground. There are also abundant resources on the evolution of proposals for the Hoosier National Forest and the Muscatatuck Wildlife Refuge in the Wilderness records of the Projects subseries.
Another strength of the collection lies in its reflection of Hamilton's emphasis on the integrity of the institution of Congress and its constitutional role, to be found in his work with the Commission on Administrative Review, the Committee on Standards of Official Conduct, and the Joint Committee on the Organization of Congress, and throughout his career in his work with the Committee on Foreign Affairs, as he built the foundations for a more active congressional role in the formulation of foreign policy. The records relating to the Committee on Foreign Affairs are an additional strength of the collection and will become more so over time as House of Representatives restricts expire and they are opened. The photocopies of official correspondence and memoranda are governed by House of Representatives Rule VII, which restricts access to them until 30 years from date of creation.
Also of interest are the files relating to the hearings of the House Select Committee to Investigate Covert Arms Transactions with Iran (Iran-Contra), for which there is a daily record of journalistic coverage from the New York Times, the Washington Post, and the Christian Science Monitor as well as hearings materials in both preliminary and printed form.
Status of the Collection:
A detailed online finding aid is available.
Hamilton's monthly Foreign Affairs Newsletter (1981-1998) and weekly Washington Reports (1965-1998) have been digitized and are available through links in the finding aid in the Newsletter section of the Public Communications series.
Files related to Hamilton's chairmanship of the Committee on Foreign Affairs/International Relations and its Subcommittee on Europe and the Middle East are restricted under House rules for 30 years from their creation will be opened at the beginning of each Congress as the restriction lapses.
Prior arrangement is required for use of the Hamilton collection because materials must be retrieved from offsite storage. For further information, contact Kate Cruikshank, Political Papers Specialist, firstname.lastname@example.org, 812-856-4601.
Additional Resources on Lee Hamilton:
Congressional Committee Service
Lee Hamilton and the Ninth District of Indiana
Center on Congress at Indiana University/Indiana University Center on Representative Government
Lee H. Hamilton Post-Congressional Papers (1999-2010)
Lee H. Hamilton 9/11 Commission Papers Digital Collection (2003-2005)
Lee H. Hamilton 9/11 Public Discourse Project Papers (2003-2007)
Lee H. Hamilton Iraq Study Group Papers Digital Collection (2005-2007)
Books by Lee Hamilton:
A Creative Tension: The Foreign Policy Roles of the President and Congress (with Jordan Tama; Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2002)
How Congress Works and Why You Should Care (Indiana University Press, 2004)
Without Precedent: The Inside Story of the 9/11 Commission (Alfred A. Knopf, 2006)
Strengthening Congress (Indiana University Press, 2009)
Congress, Presidents, and American Politics: Fifty Years of Writings and Reflections (Indiana University Press, 2016)