Indiana University Libraries Moving Image Archive is pleased to announce the first of its kind summer school in the United States. 'Biennial Audio-Visual Archival Summer School' is set to take place on the Indiana University campus in May 2019.
BAVASS 2019 is an initiative of IU Libraries Moving Image Archive in collaboration with International Federation of Film Archives and Co-ordinating Council of Audiovisual Archives Associations.
The core mission of film and media archivists is to preserve the nation's audio-visual cultural heritage. Audio-visual collections age, deteriorate, and expand exponentially in the digital age; therefore, it has become vitally important to invest in training, outreach and assistance programs aimed at providing guidance to professionals whose responsibility is preservation and access. BAVASS 2019 has been initiated with the vision to start a collaborative network of film archivists to improve broad adherence to film archival standards.
The two-week comprehensive summer school will cover a complete range of the issues and topics required to work in the field of audio-visual preservation. The training will be conducted in a compressed time frame, and at an affordable rate, taught by professionals in the field and with a proven model developed over the past four years by the FIAF (International Federation of Film Archives) Training and Outreach Program.
The rigorous summer school will cover both lectures and hands on sessions on film preservation and conservation, film restoration, digitization, disaster recovery simulation, cataloging, programming and many more. These courses will be taught by people who are experts in their fields from all over the world. Moreover, an experienced group of trainers from IU will lead a few workshops at the summer school. Additionally, there will be film screenings of restored movies like 'War and Peace' (1966) over the weekends during the summer school.
After completing the audio-visual archival summer school participants will:
- Have a comprehensive understanding of issues and topics required to work in the field of audio-visual archiving and preservation
- Become equipped with tools preserve and digitize audio-visual material
- Learn to restore a film using new digital and analog technologies
- Learn about disaster preparedness and response
- Become a part of a collaborative network of like-minded film archivists committed to the cause of preserving their cultural heritage
- Gain access to thousands of audio-visual cultural heritage items from 50 institutions
TUITION: $1500 (includes housing)
For more information, please email firstname.lastname@example.org.
The application needs to be submitted at one go. There is no option to save the application and access it later. Please make sure you have the following information ready before you start with your application -
1. Personal Information
2. Work Experience(Title, Dates, Name of organization, Responsibilities)
3. Education and Training(Degree, Name of Institution, Dates, Courses/Skills)
4. Technical Skills
5. Two essays indicating your motivation to apply to the summer school program (400 words) -
- Why do you want to attend the summer school? Describe what you wish to learn and achieve at the summer school.
- If we were to admit just one more candidate to the summer school, why should it be you?
6. One Academic/Professional Letter of Recommendation (pdf file)
7. Scholarship Essay(Optional) - Please describe why you should be considered for a scholarship(400 words)
Online pre-arrival modules
Pre-arrival modules will be available on our website in the month of April 2019. Students will be able to access study materials online and take a quiz to check their understanding. Keep checking this space for more details.
On-campus summer school program
Lectures and hands on workshops will be facilitated by experts in the field from all around the world on the Indiana University, Bloomington campus.
The program will expand over the following year to support the sustainability of the knowledge and skills gained during the summer school through ongoing collaboration achieved through Zoom meetings. Students will meet online to discuss successes they have achieved, and brainstorm solutions to challenging problems they are experiencing. IU staff and expert trainers will also participate in these meetings to hear the kind of challenges the network participants are experiencing and to offer advice.
Topics of some of the workshops or lectures that will be offered:
Compulsory lectures [for all selected participants]:
History of Film Technology
In this lecture, the origins of film will be examined from the earliest experimentation onwards. We will look at the development of color and sound cinematography, and at the different film formats that have existed. Film production routes will be discussed, leading to an understanding of how the materials found in film archive are related to each other and to the finished work. Some of the idiosyncrasies of film technology will be discussed.
Expert: David Walsh
Copyright for Libraries and Archives
Copyright law figures significantly in the work of archives, and increasingly so, as archivists expand the services they provide and extend access to their collections through innovative uses of technology. This session will cover the basics of copyright law as they apply to the programs and services of libraries and archives today.
Expert: Nazareth A. Pantaloni
Kara Van Malssen, Partner and Senior Consultant at AVP will give an overview digital preservation theory and practice, and of the issues surrounding digital preservation today. Mike Shallcross, IU’s Digital Preservation Librarian will then reflect on their experiences to highlight key issues and considerations related to the planning and implementation of digital preservation initiatives. The session will conclude with an open forum to allow for questions and comments from attendees.
Expert: Kara Van Malssen, Dave Rice
TV and Video Technology
Photo Preservation and Conservation
The learning objective of the workshop is to identify the color and black & white photographic processes most commonly found in museum, library and archive collections. The physical and chemical characteristics of historic and contemporary photographic media will be reviewed. These analog processes, starting with daguerreotype and working through to Polacolor, will be placed into historic and technological context with discussion covering deterioration mechanisms and specific vulnerabilities. Richly illustrated lectures will be supplemented with hands-on training focused the visual identification of principal characteristics.
Expert: Paul Messier
Jon Dunn, Assistant Dean for Library Technologies, and Jon Cameron, Digital Media Service Manager, both at Indiana University, will discuss approaches to providing online access to moving image and audio collections, with a focus on the open source Avalon Media System. The presenters will provide an overview of Avalon and demonstrate its use in providing online access to a variety of archival collections, both openly-accessible and restricted, using examples from Indiana University and other Avalon implementers. They will also discuss standards for interoperability between online audio and moving image content and emerging scholarly and educational tools.
Expert: Jon Dunn, Jon Cameron
Disaster Preparedness and Response
The disaster preparedness and response workshop will be structured around a simulated disaster. Attendees will arrive and participate as “volunteers” for the salvage and recovery of an audiovisual collection following a flood. Participant/volunteers will work together throughout the day to safely and effectively salvage and stabilize the collection. Participants will begin by reviewing general disaster first response and safety steps. Next they will assess damage, begin to plan triage actions, prioritize media for recovery, and assemble a list of needed supplies. Participants will then organize the space, create teams, and develop a workflow for salvage and cleaning. They will be given instruction in appropriate cleaning procedures for different media types, following which they will begin the recovery operation and work together to salvage the collections. The day will conclude with a discussion on preparedness takeaways from the workshop and next steps for incorporating audiovisual media into existing disaster plans.
Expert: Kara Van Malssen
Building Academic Film Programs - A New Model
This lecture will introduce elements of planning, curating, promoting, and running a successful cinema program on a university campus – one model that has proven to be relevant, engaging, diverse, and community building. Topics covered will be program philosophy/mission, role of collaboration, scholarly and creative research – cinema as a research center, curation, materials and rights, marketing and promotions, audience engagement/education, film+ events, student opportunities, funding, assessment. The lecture is designed to pull back the curtain and provide some insight into the mechanics of cinema exhibition.
Expert: Jon Vickers, Brittany D. Friesner
Cataloging and Metadata for Moving Images
In this lecture, you will be introduced to fundamentals of cataloging for audiovisual collections. We will cover: types of metadata, metadata standards and schemes, guidelines for establishing your own rules, and recommended resources to help you along the way.
Expert: Rachel Behnke and Corinne Vorster
Open Source Tools and Resources
Expert: Dave Rice
Personal & Small Scale AV Digitization
Don't have a million-dollar budget to digitize media? Through this course, learn realistic actions that can be taken to establish small scale audiovisual digtization set ups.Topics covered will include: how best to inventory your collection; preparing for preservation; pros and cons of preservation file formats for films and media; making video preservation masters and archival film scans; and storing and managing your preserved works.
Expert: Carmel Curtis
Archive Management Policies and Funding Strategies
Expert: Rachael Stoeltje
Digital Restoration - Films of the Silent Era
This course provides a detailed process overview and technical workflow for restoring films of the silent era (or more specifically, film materials that do not include a synchronized soundtrack). Topics covered include: understanding the archaeology of original elements, research and identification of source materials (not just film), reproducing early color systems, reconstruction, restoration, frame rates, rendering options, and ethical considerations.
Expert: Rob Byrne
Quality Control for Media Digitization Projects
The workshop will begin with an overview of the QC process as an exercise in risk management. The second part of the workshop will be hands-on with MDPI QC procedures and tools for checking the output of audio, video, and film digitization.
Expert: Mike Casey
The Current State of Audio Preservation
This lecture provides both a high-level and, in selected areas, detailed view of the current state of audio preservation. It will touch upon issues relating to degradation and obsolescence, standards and best practices, preservation file types and roles, formats, playback equipment, personnel, space, types of workflows, and other topics.
Expert: Mike Casey
Physical Attributes of Motion Picture Film
Base material, image orientation, perforation type, aspect ratio, soundtrack type; motion picture film possesses multiple attributes relating to its physical structure, image and soundtrack. Thorough documentation of film requires recognition and understanding of these attributes and an ability to identify them. This session will address the identification, and context, of the many physical attributes of motion picture film.
Experts: Tim Wagner
Outreach and Pedagogy
While screenings, home video, and online streaming are common ways to provide access to collections, there are other methods of public outreach that can bring different audiences to media archives. This session will cover a variety of approaches to teaching with archives including integrating digitized film and video into classroom curricula, and community archiving events that train individuals, community leaders, and media producers to care for their own productions. In addition to spreading awareness about the media collections of an institution, this type of civic-minded outreach can play an important social role in increasing public awareness of media literacy and helping individuals learn about their family and local history.
Expert: Andy Uhrich
What is “Film Preservation”? The terms film preservation and film restoration are used imprecisely when it comes to motion picture film projects by both archives and commercial entities alike. This session will lead the students through the process of film preservation by defining the terms associated with the work, the considerations of the decision making process for determining the best approach for the specific goals of projects, and the workflows used for both film-to-film and film-to-digital preservation projects. Several real life projects will be used to illustrate the workflows, with students urged to debate/comment upon the approaches used for the examples.
Expert: Ken Weissman
Practical Considerations for Managing Digital Content(Overview)
The process between content digitization and delivery is an often overlooked piece of the workflow puzzle. While it is conceptually simple to create derivatives and copy them to a streaming server, creating a robust and reliable system is surprisingly complex. This session will cover some of the details which are necessary to think about when planning a reliable and flexible post-digitization workflow.
Expert: Brian Wheeler
Prior to the advent of “talkies”, silent movies were rarely screened silent; live musical accompaniment often provided a soundscape for the film. Debuting in the 1920’s, sound films have been engaging audiences for over 90 years now. Throughout this time, a variety of technologies has made this possible. Sound on disc, analog sound on film, magnetic audio tracks and digital audio tracks are some of the methods employed to present synchronized sound with the moving image. This session will address the identification and playback technologies of motion picture film soundtracks, and the issues involved in their preservation.
Expert: Ken Weismann
Small group sessions [Optional]:
Film Projection Workshops
Participants will gain hands-on experience with 35mm threading, show start/end and change-over projection, training on IU Cinema's Kinoton FP-38E studio projectors.
Expert: Barbara Elina Grassia and Jamie Thomas
Film Identification and Handling
In this workshop, students will learn how to identify different aspects of motion picture film including, but not limited to gauge, length, orientation, generation, sound type, and color type. Students will also have the opportunity to gain hands-on experience handling and winding through motion picture film. Archival best practices will be emphasized and students will walk away confident in their ability to safely handle and identify any motion picture film they encounter.
Expert: Tim Wagner, Amber Bertin and Alicia Hickman
In this workshop, students will participate in the digitization of archival films from the various IU collections. Students will get to interact with the film scanner technology and learn how to prepare digitization jobs. This experience will provide students not just with practical experience in film digitization, but a deeper understanding of the choices and variables that each unique film presents, as well as the theories and concepts that are necessary to execute a successful best-practice film scan.
Expert: Brett Schuermann
This workshop will cover basic audio preservation procedures for open reel tape, cassette tape, and lacquer disc recordings. There will be hands-on exercises in identification, repair, cleaning, and playback. The class will be held in the IU MDPI audio preservation studios.
Expert: Melissa Widzinski and Dan Figurelli
The expert will share his experiences developing practical solutions related to the acquisition, ingest, and ongoing management of digital materials. Using professional standards and best practices as a foundation, he will introduce attendees to key issues and considerations in tool selection and iterative workflow implementation to ensure that institutions find sustainable and appropriate solution common digital preservation needs and challenges.
Expert: Mike Shallcross
The learning objective of the workshop is to identify the color and black & white photographic processes most commonly found in museum, library and archive collections. The physical and chemical characteristics of historic and contemporary photographic media will be reviewed. These analog processes, starting with daguerreotype and working through to Polacolor, will be placed into historic and technological context with discussion covering deterioration mechanisms and specific vulnerabilities. Richly illustrated lectures will be supplemented with hands-on training focused on the visual identification of principal characteristics.
Expert: Paul Messier
Freezing Deteriorated Acetate Films, Preservation
Expert: Andy Uhrich
Disaster Simulation Workshop
This is an extension of the disaster preparedness and response session. A disaster will be simulated and students will be expected to salvage and recover an audio-visual collection.
Expert: Kara Van Malssen
Videotape Preservation and Digitization Workshop
This workshop will cover the basic aspects of video preservation for videotape-based formats. Hands-on exercises in physical format identification, inspection and digitization will be included. The class will be held in the IU video preservation studio.
Expert: Rob Mobley
Videotape Problems Workshop
This workshop will cover some of the more common problems found in videotape collections. Identifying sticky shed syndrome, baking, cleaning, repair, rehousing and other remediation methods will be discussed and demonstrated. The class will be held in the IU processing and video preservation facilities.
Expert: Rob Mobley and Jonathan Richardson
Copyright Durations and the Public Domain
The public domain represents a rich resource of cultural works that are free to use, reuse and share without any restrictions due to copyright, but determining whether a work is in the public domain can be difficult. This session will survey the law of copyright durations - both under U.S. law and the laws of other countries - with a focus on resources that participants can use to identify works in the public domain in their own collections and elsewhere.
Expert: Nazareth Pantaloni
Quality Control of Digitized Film Files
A brief introduction to the principles of quality control and quality assurance and how it fits into the overall MDPI project at IU, followed by hands on demonstrations of the QC process in small groups led by MDPI QC specialists. The sessions will cover the film QC workflow, the basics of Vidicert QC software, spotting and determining defects, tracking and reporting results.
Experts: Darrell Shane Myers, Forrest Greenwood, Charles Mathew Allen
Project Management of Digitization
In small group sessions, participants will view and discuss different cataloging systems and records for moving images, as well as consider the tasks and areas of specialization practiced by moving image catalogers.
Expert: Rachel Behnke and Corinne Vorster
Digital Restoration: Hands on with HS-ART's Diamant
This course provides a detailed overview of the HS-ART Diamant film restoration suite, with particular emphasis on film-based materials (i.e not video). The course will include a brief overview followed by a demonstration of the capabilities that include strengths and weaknesses as well as a couple "tricks of the trade". This session is designed to be highly interactive with the possibility of student hands-on experimentation if time and logistics allow.
Expert: Rob Bryne
Introduction to Paper Preservation and Conservation
Participants will be introduced to basic theory and practice of the preservation of paper-based collections within archives and libraries. Topics such as basic knowledge of paper as a physical material, the factors contributing to deterioration, and preventive care measures will be covered. Participants will also gain familiarity with conservation treatment options and decision making factors when considering professional conservation treatment.
Expert: Douglas H Sanders
Hands on workshop using Processing Tools
When an object is digitized and you have a pile of bits, how do you know if the format is what you requested? If it is what you've requested, how do you convert it into something usable? Using tools like FFMPEG, MediaInfo, and FFProbe, participants will check real-life MDPI examples for problems and create derivatives. Familiarity with the unix command line is highly recommended.
Experts: Brian Wheeler and Mike Shallcross
Checksums and Fixity
Making sure that the content you've digitized doesn't become corrupted over time is an important part of the preservation process. This session will explore different methodologies for ensuring your content doesn't change over time as well as hands-on activities.
Experts:Brian Wheeler and Mike Shallcross
Please click on the links below to read about the experts who are committed to teach during the summer school.
Indiana University Experts
- Andy Uhrich
- Amber Bertin
- Alicia Hickman
- Barbara Elena Grassia
- Brett Scheuermann
- Brian Wheeler
- Brittany D. Friesner
- Carmel Curtis
- Charles Mathew Allen
- Corinne Vorster
- Dan Figurelli
- Darrell Shane Myers
- Douglas Sanders
- Forrest Greenwood
- Jamie Thomas
- Jon Vickers
- Jon Dunn
- Jonathan Richardson
- Joshua Adam Brewer
- Melissa Widzinski
- Mike Casey
- Mike Shallcross
- Nazareth Pantaloni
- Rachael Stoeltje
- Rachel Behnke
- Rob Mobley
- Susanne K Schwibs
- Timothy Wagner
(2012) Directed by Shivendra Singh Dungarpur
May 16 - Thursday - 7pm
Not rated | 35mm | 164 min
In English, Hindi, Bengali, Kannada, Malyalam, Japanese, and French with English subtitles
Director Shivendra Singh Dungarpur is scheduled to be present. Celluloid Man is a documentary tribute to P.K Nair, an extraordinary man who built the National Film Archive of India 'can-by-can' in a country where film preservation and restoration are completely disregarded. The film explores the early history of Indian cinema and highlights the importance of preserving our moving image heritage before it is too late. The film premiered at the II Cinema Ritrovato Festival in Bologna, Italy, in 2012 and won awards at India's 60th National Film Awards in 2013.
John McEnroe: In the Realm of perfection
(2018) Directed by Julien Faraut
May 17 - Friday - 7pm
Not rated | 2K DCP | 95 min
In English and French with English subtitles
Director Julien Faraut is scheduled to be present. Narrated by Mathieu Amalric, John McEnroe: In the Realm of Perfection revisits the rich bounty of 16mm footage of John McEnroe, then the worlds top-ranked player, as he competes in the French Open at Paris's Roland Garros Stadium in 1984. Close-ups and slow-motion sequences of McEnroe competing, as well as instances of his notorious temper tantrums, portray a "man who played on the edge of his senses." Faraut creates a lively and immersive study of both the sport and the human body's movement, and how all intersect with cinema itself.
They Shall Not Grow Old
(2018) Directed by Peter Jackson
May 23 - Thursday - 7pm
May 24 - Friday - 7pm
Peter Jackson's new film "They Shall Not Grow Old" will be screened in 3D at the IU Cinema as part of BAVASS 2019. The first screening will be followed by a panel discussion of use of archival footage, the ethics of this use and the definition of restoration. Panelists include visiting archivist David Walsh from the Imperial War Museum and other special guests. Jackson began with World War I footage from over 100 years that were in the archives of the Imperial War Museum and he colorized and added sound to the film to create a new work, and a new story of the nearly 20 million soldiers and civilians who perished during the war, which began in 1914 and ended on Nov 11, 1918.
Jackson began developing the project in 2014 and decided to use the voices of 120 actual British soldiers who were recorded in the 1960s and colorize actual footage from World War I. The film, which aired i the U.K. on the Armistice Day centennial, was commissioned by 14-18 Nov, the U.K. arts program for the First World War centenary, and the Imperial War Museum, in association with the BBC.
BEHIND THE DOOR (1919)
Directed by Irvin Willat
May 15 - Wednesday - 7pm
Not rated | DCP Presentation | 80 min | English
With Hobart Bosworth, Jane Novak, Wallace Beery, James Gordon
Writer Gouverneur Morris’s bizarre tale unfolds in a series of disquieting flash- backs that serve to continually ratchet up suspense and foreboding. Producer Thomas H. Ince and director Irvin Willat showed daring and imagination in their adaptation of the sensational material. U-boat captain Lieutenant Brandt (played with leering savagery by Wallace Beery) commands a barbarous crew of submariners whose atrocities rouse a vengeful hero. A review in Motion Picture News hints at the film's narrative force: "In its slashing boldness, its eloquent daring, its gigantic theme —above all, in its terrific punch—‘Behind the Door’ stands absolutely and unqualifiedly alone!”
TOMKA AND HIS FRIENDS (1977)
Directed by Xhanfise Keko
May 22 - Wednesday - 7pm
Not rated | DCP Presentation | 74 min | English
The shorts and features of Xhanfise Keko (pronounced Jonnfeesa Kayko), all of which center on children's themes and preoccupations, occupy a pivotal yet controversial place in Albanian cinema. These films were among the most popular of Albania's Communist era, and remain widely loved. But this affection is now tempered with ambivalence about their association with an era many Albanians would prefer to forget. Keko is the only female director in the history of Albanian cinema. When she died in 2007, she left behind a remarkable legacy of nearly a dozen features virtually unknown to Western critics and audiences.
The Albanian Cinema Project's English-subtitled restoration of TOMKA AND HIS FRIENDS (1977) is a rare chance to look at moving images from a society that was closed off from the rest of the world for decades. By the time the cameras rolled on TOMKA AND HIS FRIENDS, Keko had established herself as one of the top directors in Albania's male-dominated film industry. Keko filled TOMKA with many stylistic devices that would have been discouraged for higher-profile filmmakers toiling in the system.
TOMKA AND HIS FRIENDS brings us into the compelling story of a group of young boys working to defend their homeland from the occupying German army in the town of Berat, Albania circa 1943. TOMKA's opening tracking shot of the young barefoot protagonists who live under the Nazi occupation signals a vitality missing from nearly all Albanian cinema of the era. When the young boys discover the Germans have transformed their soccer field into a base of operations, they plot revenge. Aiding local partisans (Communists, of course, though this is not stated), Tomka and his pals spy, poison the occupiers' guard dog and help the partisans in a spectacular act of sabotage.
This restoration is a rare chance to look at moving images from a society that was closed off from the rest of the world for decades. Starring: Enea Zheku, Artan Puto, Flurans Ilia, Genci Mosho, Herion Mustafaraj, Selma Sotillari, Sotiraq Cili, Zehrudin Dokle.
Ready to apply?
The deadline for submitting your application form is February 15, 2019. Late applications will not be accepted.