Art and Artists in Eastern Europe and Russia

Over the course of the 19th and 20th centuries, Eastern European artists have challenged dominant artistic movements and pioneered innovative methods and mediums. The Slavic and Eastern European Studies collection holds a wide range of materials on various artists and artistic movements throughout Russia and Eastern Europe. The books on display provide a sampling of the collection materials, and highlight the creative diversity of the region. Featuring artists from Russia to Czechoslovakia, this exhibition covers the main currents in art from 1880 to present day. Despite the geographical and generational differences among the selected artists, the themes of war, revolution, and everyday life profoundly influenced all of their creative output. For further information on any artist, their influences, or their contemporaries, you can visit us on the 5th floor of Wells Library, or contact Slavic and Eastern European Studies Librarian Wookjin Cheun.

Exhibition Display
This webpage accompanies our spring book jacket exhibition. The display is located on the 5th floor of Wells Library next to office E560. 


Valentin Serov (1865-1911)

Serov is considered one of the pioneers of the Russian impressionist movement. After studying with Ilya Repin and Pavel Chistyakov, he gained notoriety for his bright portraits and his ability to capture movement. Family members of his aristocratic patrons were the subjects of Serov’s early works; his most famous work, The girl with peaches (1887), depicts the daughter of Russian industrialist Savva Mamontov. After the Russian Revolution of 1905, he resigned from the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts in protest, and devoted his later work to historical and mythological themes. 

Select Titles:

Valentin Serov      Sarab’ianov, Dmitri, and Valentin Aleksandrovich Serov. Valentin Serov. New York: Parkstone International, 2012.                                                                                       

Valentin Serov by A. I. Kudria      Kudria, A. Valentin Serov. (Zhiznʹ Zamechatelʹnykh Liudei. Seriia Biografia); Vyp. 1336 = 1136. Moskva: Molodaia gvardiia, 2008.                                                      

Valentin Serov by Elizabeth Valkenier      Valkenier, Elizabeth Kridl. Valentin Serov: Portraits of Russia’s Silver Age. (Studies in Russian Literature and Theory). Evanston, Ill: Northwestern University Press, 2001.

 

Boris Kustodiev (1878-1927)

Known for his portraiture and landscapes, Kustodiev produced some of the most iconic paintings of Russia in the early 20th century. He began his studies in Astrakhan, but relocated to St. Petersburg to study under Ilya Repin. The majority of his work highlights contemporary themes and figures.  Indeed, his most famous works include the portrait Tsar Nicholas II (1915) and The Bolshevik (1920), which pictures a man towering over crowded streets carrying a red banner. Kustodiev was intensely inspired by—and committed to—representations of his homeland.

Select Titles: 

Boris Kustodiev - State Museum      Kustodiev, Boris Mikhaĭlovich, E. N. Petrova, Vladimir Kruglov, and N. M. Balakina. Boris Kustodiev: Works of Painting, Graphic Art and Sculpture from Museums, Libraries and Private Collections in the Russian Federation. Saint Petersburg: Palace editions, 2003.                                                            

Russian Art Nouveau      Petrov, Vsevold Nikolaevič, and Irina Ja Charitonova, eds. Russian Art Nouveau: The World of Art and Diaghilev’s Painters ; Painting, Graphic Art, Theatrical Design. Schools and Movements. Bournemouth: Parkstone Press, 1997.              

Boris Kustodiev - Tri Muzy      Alekseeva, Adelʹ. Tri muzy Borisa Kustodieva: muzy velikich. Moskva: Eksmo, 2006.

 

Maria Yakunchikova-Weber (1870-1902)

Though she spent most of her life in France and Germany, Yakunchikova-Weber was closely affiliated with the Russian Abramtsevo Colony. Drawing inspiration from Art Nouveau and Symbolist movements, she blended multiple techniques and practiced in a variety of artistic mediums. While her best remembered paintings are landscapes, she also pursued etchings, embroidery, and illustrations. Sergei Diaghilev commissioned her to design a cover for Mir Iskusstva, which highlighted the folk influences in her art. Upon her death from tuberculosis at 32, Diaghilev lamented that what she was able to accomplish in her short life shows “the depth of her miraculous talent.”

Select Titles: 

Maria Iakunchikova      Kiselev, Mikhail Fedorovich. Mariia Iakunchikova. Moskva: Izobrazitel'noe iskusstvo, 2005.               

Decadence, Degeneration, and the End     Härmänmaa, Marja, and Christopher Nissen, eds. Decadence, Degeneration, and the End: Studies in the European Fin de Siècle. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.             

Women Artists of Russia's New Age     Iablonskaia, M., and Anthony Parton. Women Artists of Russia’s New Age, 1900-1935. New York: Rizzoli, 1990.

 

Czech Modernism (1890-1918)

The featured exhibition catalog presents the development of Czech modernism. Following the various trends of impressionism, decadence, expressionism, cubism, etc., the book introduces important artists and artistic groups of the movement. The book also includes a discussion of influences and circumstances surrounding the growth of modernism in the early 20th century.  Featured artists: Antonín SlavíčekJosef Váchal, Josef Čapek, Bohumil Kubišta, Jan Zrzavý

Select Titles: 

Contentions of Vision / Facets of Modernity at the turn of the 19th and 20th century/ 1890-1918     Wittlich, Petr. Sváry zření: fazety modernity na přelomu 19. a 20. století : 1890-1918. Praha; V Ostravě: Arbor vitae ; Galerie výtvarného umění v Ostravě, 2008.                                                  

Jan Zrzavý     Zrzavý, Jan, and Karel Srp. Jan Zrzavý: O Něm a S Ním: Antologie Textů Jana Zrzavého a O Janu Zrzavém. Vyd. 1. Praha: Academia, 2003.

Josef Capek       Čapek, Josef, and Alena Pomajzlová. Josef Čapek: nejskromnější umění = Josef Čapek ; the humblest art ; [Obecní d°um v Praze, 3.12.2003 - 29.2.2004; Místodrz̆itelsky palác, Moravská galerie v Brně (26.3. - 23.5.2004)]. Praha: Obecní D°um, 2003.

 

Mark Markov-Grinberg (1907-2006)

Mark Markov-Grinberg pioneered the development of photography in the Soviet Union. Alongside contemporaries like Alexander Rodchenko, his photographs helped define the emerging cultural milieu of the Soviet Union.  Markov-Grinberg began working as a freelance photographer before joining the Telegraph Agency of the Soviet Union (TASS) in 1930. As a photojournalist, he covered the Second World War; however, he is perhaps better known for his documentary photographs of daily life in the Soviet Union. He significantly contributed to the development of Socialist Realism.

Select Titles: 

Soviet Era     Markov-Grinberg, Mark B, and Zhanna Vasilyeva. Soviet Era. Bologna, Italy: Lumiere Brothers Center for Photography, 2012.                  

Through Soviet Jewish Eyes     Shneer, David. Through Soviet Jewish Eyes: Photography, War, and the Holocaust. Jewish Cultures of the World. New Brunswick, N.J: Rutgers University Press, 2011.               

Pioneers of Soviet Photography     Shudakov, Grigory, Olga Suslova, and Lilya Ukhtomskaya. Pioneers of Soviet Photography. New York, N.Y: Thames and Hudson, 1983.

 

Viktor Koretsky (1909-1998)

In the Soviet Union, Viktor Koretsky’s political posters were ubiquitous. Drawing inspiration from pioneers like John Heartfield, his photomontages became iconic representations of Socialist Realism, the Second World War, and the Cold War. His work was deeply rooted in ideology, and reveals shifting political attitudes and trends in artistic production. Koretsky’s posters span of the history of the Soviet Union, and provide unique insight into dominant aspirations, values, and anxieties of the nation.   

Select Titles: 

Koretsky: The Soviet Photo Poster     Wolf, Erika. Koretsky: The Soviet Photo Poster: 1930-1984. New York: The New Press, 2012.

Windows on the War      Zegers, Peter, Douglas W. Druick, Konstantin Akinsha, and Art Institute of Chicago, eds. Windows on the War: Soviet Tass Posters at Home and Abroad, 1941-1945. 1st ed. Chicago : New Haven: Art Institute of Chicago ; Yale University Press, 2011.

Iconography of Power     Bonnell, Victoria E. Iconography of Power: Soviet Political Posters under Lenin and Stalin. Studies on the History of Society and Culture 27. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997.

 

Calin Alupi (1906-1988)

Alupi is regarded as one of the leading figures of Romanian post-impressionism. He began studying at 13 after his father was killed in the First World War. While at the Fine Arts Academy in Iasi he studied under other prominent post-impressionists like Stefan Dimitrescu. In 1940 after the outbreak of the Second World War, he was drafted into the army. He spent the next four years producing maps of enemy positions. After the war, he continued to work on his art and gained widespread respect in Romanian artistic circles for his soft portrayals of landscapes and ability to capture human authenticity. 

Select Titles: 

Calin Alupi     Petrescu-Alupi, Nicolas. Călin Alupi. Paris: Les amis de Călin Alupi, 2006.

Ciucurencu       Ionescu, Radu. Circurencu. Bucuresti: Meridiane, 1987.

Camil Ressu     Enescu, Theodor. C. Ressu. Bucuresti: Meridiane, 1984.

 

Anatole Kolomayets (1927-2014)

Though born in Ukraine, Kolomayets spent the majority of his life in Chicago as a commercial artist. His family fled Ukraine after the outbreak of the Second World War—the Holodomor had already killed several members of his family. He studied major trends in European painting in Belgium before immigrating to the United States in 1953. In Chicago, he helped found the Ukrainian art collective Monolith. Kolomayets’ paintings draw inspiration from his personal experiences and Ukrainian history. 

Select Titles: 

Anatole Kolomayets     Kolomayets, Anatole, and Mykola Marychevsʹkyi. Anatolʹ Kolomyiets' =: Anatole Kolomayets. Skryzhali dukhu. Kyïv: Sofiia-A : redaktsiia zhurnalu “Obrazotvorche mystetstvo NSKhU,” 2005.

Art and ethnicity : the Ukrainian tradition in Canada     Art and Ethnicity: The Ukrainian Tradition in Canada. Hull, Quebec: Canadian Museum of Civilization, 1991.

Art in Chicago      Cozzolino, Robert. Art in Chicago: Resisting Regionalism, Transforming Modernism. Philadelphia, PA: Pennsylvania Academy of the Fine Arts, 2007.

 

Sanja Ivekovic (1949- )

Pioneering feminist, activist, and artist Sanja Ivekovic has become one of the most recognizable artists from the former Yugoslavia. Influenced by the events of the Croatian Spring, she saw art as a way to express frustrations with gender roles and political ideology in society. Ivekovic’s work spans a variety of mediums: film, performance, sculpture, photomontage, etc. Through her work, one is able to assess the contemporary connections between women’s rights, activism, power, and the politics of memory. 

Select Titles: 

Sanja Ivekovic      Marcoci, Roxana, and Sanja Iveković. Sanja Ivekovic: Sweet Violence. New York: Museum of Modern Art, 2011.                       

Feminist Avant-Garde     Schor, Gabriele. The Feminist Avant-Garde: Art of the 1970s , the Sammlung Verbund, Vienna, 2016.                        

Sanja Ivekovic - Triangle     Noack, Ruth. Sanja Iveković: Triangle. One Work. London: Afterall Books, 2013.

 

Mikhail Karasik (1953- )

Karasik is synonymous with the movement of the artist’s book. He revived the futurist innovation and reimagined the book’s place within the world of modern art. Working within the mediums of books, collage, lithographs, and installations, his pieces represent absolute immersion into the phenomenon of Russian avant-garde art. Karasik affirms and reinterprets the major efforts of constructivist and avant-garde artists, and reevaluates their significance to the Soviet Union and contemporary society. 

Select Titles: 

Mikhail Karasik      Stommels, Serge-Aljosja, Albert Lemmens, and Mikhail Karasik. Mikhail Karasik: Catalogue Raisonné 1987-2010. Nijmegen: LS, 2010.

Karasik : The Atlantis of The USSR     Karasik, Mikhail, and M. Orlova. Atlantida SSSR =: The Atlantis of the USSR. Moskva: GMA imeni A.V. Shchuseva, 2012.                      

City of Glass     Karasik, Paul, David Mazzucchelli, Paul Auster, and Paul Karasik. City of Glass. 1st Picador ed. New York: Picador/Henry Holt, 2004.

 

Compiled by Alyse Camus: February 2017